Friday, February 19, 2010


Questions about Radio Boy

Chapter One

What does Steve open? … He opens his eyes.
What does he say to the radio? … He says “Hi, Tara” to the radio.
Who does he always listen to on Saturday mornings? … He always listens to Tara Mason on Saturday mornings.
Who is Steve’s favorite person on Roundbay Radio? … Tara Mason is his favorite person on Roundbay Radio.
Who calls Steve from the kitchen? … His mother calls him from the kitchen.
Does Steve answer? …No, Steve doesn’t answer.
Does he want to get up? … No, he does not want to get up.
What does he do again? … He closes his eyes again.
What can Steve see across the road? … He can see Roundbay Beach across the road.
What color is the sky? … The sky is grey.
How many people are there on the beach? … There are one or two people on the beach.
How long does Steve watch the girl? … He watches the girl for a minute or two.
What is the girl wearing? … She is wearing jeans and a yellow shirt.
What is Anna looking for? She is looking for interesting things—for pebbles and shells.
Where does Anna put the bottle? ..She puts it in her bag.
What does she look at? … She looks at the sky.
Who does Anna see? … She sees a man and a small boy walking by the sea.
What does the man say to the boy? … He says, “Don’t go near it, Tom.”
Where does she walk? … She walks quickly up the road.
Where does Steve sit? … Steve sits in the kitchen.
Where is Steve sitting? … Steve is sitting in the kitchen.
What does he listen to? … He listens to the music on the radio.
What is Steve listening to? … He is listening to the music on the radio.
What does his mother say? … She says, “I need some shopping.”
What does she give him? … She gives him a list.
What time does Tara Mason finish? … She finishes at eleven o’clock.
What does Steve finish? … He finishes his breakfast.
What does his mother give him? … She gives him some money.
Who gives Steve some money? … His mother gives him some money.
To whom does she give some money? … She gives some money to Steve.
His mother says, “Don’t be long.” Why doesn’t he hear her? … He doesn’t hear her because he has music in his ears.

Chapter Two

Where does Anna take her bag? … She takes it to her room.
Where does she sit? … She sits on the bed.
Who can she hear watching a television program? … She can hear her young brother.
How old is Andy? … Andy is five years old.
What does Andy like to watch on Saturday mornings? … He likes to watch children’s television.
What does Anna put on her table? … She puts the shells, pebbles, and other things from the beach there (on the table).
What does Anna do? … She sits down and draws the shell on some paper.
What does she look at? … She looks at it (the drawing of the shell).
Is she happy with it? …, No, she is not happy with it.
What does she look for? … She looks for more paper.
Where does Anna go? … She goes to her brother’s room.
Does Andy look at her? … No, Andy does not look at her.
What is Andy doing? … He is sitting on his bed and watching television.
Who is sitting on his bed and watching television? … Andy is sitting on his bed and watching television.
What does Anna ask him? … She asks him, “Where is my paper?”

Thursday, February 11, 2010

Present Perfect (Pretérito Perfecto)


1. An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present.

I have lived in Canada since 1984. (and I still do)

2. An action performed during a period that has not yet finished.

She has been to the doctor twice this week. (and the week isn't over yet)

3. A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now.

We have visited London several times.

4. An action that was completed in the very recent past (expressed by 'just')

I have just finished my work.

5. An action when the result is very important but the time is not.
He has seen ‘Harry Potter’.

PRESENT PERFECT + for, since

When talking about the length of time (duration), we use the present perfect with for + a period of time.
When talking about a starting point, we use the present perfect with since + a point in time.

For + a period of time:
for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hours.

I have worked here for five years. She has lived here for twenty years. They have been married for six months.

Since + a point in time:
since this morning, since last week, since yesterday,
since I was 12, since Friday, since 6 o'clock.

I have lived here since 1998. They have been married since June. We have been at this school since last year.

Present Perfect (Pretérito Perfecto)

• El "present perfect" es un tiempo que sirve para describir acciones que acaban de suceder en el pasado y que guardan alguna relación con el presente. Equivale en castellano al pretérito perfecto:

I have bought a car. Yo he comprado un coche: nos indica que la acción de comprar el coche acaba de realizarse.

• Si por el contrario utilizáramos el "past simple" esta conexión con el presente se pierde:

I bought a car. Yo compré un coche: no implica que la acción haya sido reciente, ni que aún siga teniendo ese coche.

• En las oraciones con "present perfect" no se suele mencionar el momento en el que se ha desarrollado la acción:

I have read a book.
Yo he leído un libro: la acción acaba de finalizar.

• Ya que si se mencionara el momento de su realización, entonces habría que utilizar el "past simple":

I read a book this morning. Yo leí un libro esta mañana

• No obstante, a veces sí se puede mencionar el periodo de tiempo en el que la acción se ha desarrollado, pero únicamente si este periodo de tiempo aún no ha finalizado:

This morning I have drunk three coffees. Esta mañana me he tomado 3 cafés: utilizo en este caso el "present perfect" si el periodo de la mañana aún no ha terminado.

• Ya que si este periodo hubiera finalizado habría que utilizar entonces el "past simple":

This morning I drank three coffees. Esta mañana me tomé tres cafés: nos indica que la mañana ya finalizó.

• Otro uso típico del "present perfect" es para describir acciones que empezaron en el pasado y que aún no han finalizado:

I have lived in this city since 1980. He vivido en esta ciudad desde 1980: implica que sigo viviendo en la ciudad.
I have played tennis since my childhood. He jugado al tenis desde mi infancia: y sigo jugando

• Si la acción hubiera ya finalizado entonces habría que utilizar el "past simple":

I lived in this city for 10 years. Yo viví en esta ciudad 10 años: pero ya no vivo ahí.
I played tennis for many years. Yo jugué al tenis muchos años: pero ya no juego.

• El "present perfect" se forma con el auxiliar "to have" en presente del indicativo (simple present), más el participio (past participle) del verbo principal:

I have listened to the news. Yo he escuchado las noticias
She has watched TV. Ella ha visto la tele

• La forma negativa se forma con la partícula de negación "not" entre el auxiliar y el verbo principal, y la forma interrogativa se construye con el auxiliar al comienzo de la oración, seguido del sujeto y del verbo principal:

I have not done my homework. Yo no he hecho mis deberes.
Have you been in Seville? ¿ Has estado en Sevilla ?